History and Culture

Libingan Ng Mga Bayani: The Final Resting Place of All The Philippines’ Most Valorous Heroes


Rafael Reynante | Nov 08, 2016

Established in May 1947, the Libingan Ng Mga Bayani, otherwise known as the National Heroes’ Cemetery, is an expansive plot of land located within the borders of Fort Bonifacio in West Bicutan, Taguig City. It is currently the final resting place of tens of thousands of soldiers who had served during the numerous wars the Philippines was involved in, from the first Revolutionary Wars, to the two World Wars. It also the resting place of various national artists, authors, and scientists, as well as some of the Philippines’ past presidents. Some of the remains buried in the LNMB include:

Photo from ABS-CBNnews.com 

Carlos P. Romulo

Carlos Romulo, apart from being a decorated soldier, also served his country by being a journalist and author, as well as a diplomat, serving under eight Philippine presidents, from Manuel Quezon to Ferdinand Marcos. Adding to his long list of achievements in his career, he was also one of the co-founders of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines, a general in both the US and Philippine Army, President of the UN General Assembly from 1949 to 1950, and holds the rare privilege of being the few soldiers awarded as a National Artist for Literature. He died on December 1985, and is buried in the Libingan Ng Mga Bayani.

Fe del Mundo

Fe holds the rare honor of being the first woman to have ever attended Harvard Medical School as a student. She eventually became a world-renowned pediatrician, founding the first pediatric school in the Philippines. Her work in pioneering pediatric science in both the Philippines and worldwide eventually won her the prestigious recognition of Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service in 1977. A few years later, she was awarded the title of National Scientist of the Philippines, owing to her continued work in the field of pediatrics, spanning over eight decades. Her most recent achievement was being awarded the Order of Lakandula, which she gracefully received in 2010, before passing away in August 2011.

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Ang Kiukok

Despite his Chinese descent, Ang Kiukok was all-Filipino. Born to immigrants from Xiamen, China, Kiukok grew up in Davao, where he was quickly exposed to the art and culture Davao was so famous for. At an early age, he was taught by a commercial artist on the use of charcoal for painting, where he fell in love with the technique, and eventually led his fascination with the visual arts. His first achievement as a professional painter was during the 1960’s where he created a unique style, fusing elements of cubism, surrealism and expressionism, which many referred to as “figurative expressionism.” His significant contributions to the arts led him to being nominated for, and eventually being awarded, the title of National Artist for Visual Arts. He passed away in May 2005.

Max Soliven

At the time of his death and burial, Max Soliven was already an established journalist and newspaper publisher, having founded the Philippine Star newspaper. However, his life was far from easy: he had jumped from several newspapers before establishing the Philippine Star, was a failed TV show host, and was even imprisoned during the Martial Law era, under the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos. In spite of this, he prevailed, eventually taking “a leap of faith,” and putting up his own newspaper publication, boasting as the first full-color publication in the Philippines, and would eventually grow to become one of the Philippines’ most read newspaper.

Arturo Tolentino

Known as the father of the Philippine “archipelagic doctrine” as well as being an expert on the United Nations’ Law of the Sea, Arturo was a prominent politician in his time. Known to be a self-made man, Arturo’s Congressional and political career spanned over 50 years, becoming the 12th President of the Senate of the Philippines from 1966 to 1967, Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1984 to 1985, as well as a Senator who served from 1992 to 1995. Apart from his extraordinary work in law, he is well-known for his time as a law professor in numerous law schools all over Metro Manila.

Other notable Filipinos buried in the Heroes’ Cemetery are all past Philippine presidents, with the exception of Manuel L. Quezon, Sergio Osmeña, Manuel Roxas, Jose P. Laurel, Ramon Magsaysay, and Corazon Aquino. The cemetery also lists many other pertinent Filipinos that have honored their country in one way or another, from soldiers, dignitaries, ambassadors, Chiefs Of Staff, and national scientists and artists of the Republic of the Philippines.

These fallen Filipino heroes, who served the country in both thought and deed, rightfully deserve to be buried in the previously-hallowed grounds of the Libingan Ng Mga Bayani. Share your own heroic stories via www.facebook.com/ChoosePhilippinesOfficial!

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