Iloilo's Best: The Intricate Process of Miagao's Hablon Weaving
Belle Piccio | Jan 26, 2016
The Municipality of Miagao is known for its weaving industry aside from its famous pottery-making in Brgy. Cagbang. Miagao has 5 weaving centers. The “home of the loom-weavers” is Brgy. Indag-an and is also known as the weaving community of the municipality.
The Hablon Weaving of Indag-an Primary Multi-Purpose Cooperative is one of the biggest weaving centers of Miagao. The center is open to those who are passionate about weaving. It is also a place where they are given space and opportunity to learn the traditional art of hablon weaving. The center at this time has more than 20 weavers. They are known for their scarves, shoals, hankies, patadyong and have added table cloths among its long list. Finished products are displayed and sold at the center’s showroom. Some may be pricey but worth the penny you’ll be spending because of the intricate details and complicated process of making the textile. They have a table cloth than can cover a table good for 8 persons.
The Miagao Tourism has shared to us the process of making hablon.
Process of Making Hablon
First, plan the patterns and colors to be used for your product. Thread the cones with your selected colors. The cones will then be arranged according to the desired pattern.
2. Warping (Sab-ong)
Set the threads on the warping tool. The threads are grouped and rolled along the bamboo pegs of the warping frame. Note: The threads are counted by hand depending on the length and width of your product.
3. Beaming (Likis)
The threads set on the warp frame will then be rolled along the weaver’s beam. It is the bamboo cylinder at the upper back portion of the loom.
4. Hedding (Sulod sa Binting)
Each thread that is set on the warp must pass through the opening of the heddles for the purpose to separate the warp threads for the passage of the weft.
5. Reeding (Sulod sa Sulud)
Each thread is then inserted on each opening of the metal reed using a “reed hook” (they use a bamboo hook).
6. Tie-in (Higot sa Baston)
After reeding, the ends of the threads are tied into the cloth roll. The cloth roll is a wooden cane found at the base of the loom.
7. Spooling (Pangalinyas)
Weft the thread needed for the shuttle. The weft is the filling thread used in weaving. It will then be spooled using the traditional spooling wheel. The shuttle is a holder that carries the thread which is thrown back and forth between the warp threads.
8. Weaving (Habol)
Weaving is the final step to start creating your product. The weaver steps on the bamboo pedal to raise or lower the heddle. The weft is propelled back-and-forth across the loom by a shuttle. Then the wefts are neatly pushed against the fell of the cloth by the reed.
Miagao celebrates its Hablon Festival every first week of September.
(Watch MagTV na Amiga every Sunday or at www.iwantv.ph)
How to Get There
From Manila, you can fly to Iloilo (estimated cost of Php3,000++, round trip, one hour).
The Iloilo Airport is 30 minutes (approximately 19 km) away from Iloilo City. From Iloilo City, you can take a “Miagao” or any southbound jeep from Mohon Terminal in Molo District or from the Iloilo Terminal Market.
Experience More of Miagao, Iloilo